Nausea and Vomiting

Kytril Zofran

Nausea and Vomiting

What is nausea and vomiting?

Nausea can be described as the urge or feeling that you are going to vomit. Vomiting put simply is the act of throwing up the contents of your stomach or expelling the contents of your stomach through your mouth. Nausea and vomiting are both unpleasant experiences with more than one side effect to go along with them.

How does nausea and vomiting develop?

Many times nausea and vomiting develop as a result of an underlying condition. In other words, nausea and vomiting are a side effect of a condition or problem that may be going on in your body, and the nausea and vomiting are sometimes an indicator that something is wrong. If you notice a pattern or experience persistent nausea and vomiting or chronic nausea, you should see your doctor to see if there is something causing these symptoms. Sometimes there is a pattern or characteristic to the nausea and vomiting that may point out whether or not a certain condition is present. For example, if you see that there is blood in your vomit, your doctor may be able to tell what is wrong with you based on that information.

What causes nausea and vomiting?

There are many different causes for nausea and vomiting. Some of the common causes of nausea and vomiting are illnesses such as the flu or other type of viral infection, a bacterial infection such as E-Coli or Salmonella poisoning, or motion sickness from a car ride, airplane ride, or rollercoaster ride. Other things that may cause nausea and vomiting are food allergies, consumption of alcohol or alcohol poisoning, drastic changes in climate or temperature, anxiety and depression, side effects or reactions to medications or other medical treatments such as chemotherapy, or morning sickness from pregnancy.

What are the different types of nausea and vomiting?

Although these topics may seem straight forward, there are different types of nausea and vomiting. You can experience nausea in a way that is persistent enough to keep you in the bathroom for hours on end. This type of nausea would be considered chronic nausea or persistent nausea. You can also experience nausea without notice or in waves. If you are feeling nauseated, you may not always vomit as a result, and sometimes you may go through the act of vomiting without actually eliminating the contents of your stomach (also called dry heaving). The different types of nausea and vomiting can provide clues about the causes of your nausea and vomiting. Pay attention to the types of nausea and vomiting you are experiencing so that you can let your doctor know what is going on. There are a number of tests that can be done to figure out the cause of your problem, but if you tell your doctor the details of your symptoms, they will have a better insight to why you are experiencing them.

How can nausea be treated?

Nausea can be treated in more than one way, with a mixture of medications and home remedies as well. There are a number of Over The Counter remedies for nausea and vomiting. Some very popular Over The Counter medications for nausea and vomiting include, but are not limited to, Alka-Seltzer, Pepto Bismol, and Dramamine (dimenhydrinate). Alka-Seltzer is a tablet that you dissolve in water and creates carbonation which helps to settle your stomach. Pepto Bismol is a cherry or strawberry flavored liquid that you take to coat the stomach. Its main component is bismuth subsalicylate and provides relief for nausea and vomiting and some other common stomach symptoms as well. Dramamine comes in tablet form and is used to treat the nausea and vomiting caused by motion sickness. Some natural remedies include clear pops or ginger ale and fresh ginger.

More serious and persistent cases of nausea and vomiting can be treated with prescriptions medications such as ondansetron and granisetron.

How can nausea and vomiting be prevented?

Not all nausea and vomiting can be prevented. There are some things you can do to alleviate the problem, such as not consuming large amounts of alcohol, paying careful attention to the foods you eat, stop taking certain medications, or staying away from activities that may cause motion sickness.

People with constant nausea and vomiting should care for their problem by trying to keep stress levels low, paying attention to diet, using the proper medications, and finding the cause of the problem. Nausea and vomiting can be a very ailing problem and if you find the cause of the problem and treat them properly, you can find relief from your symptoms.

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