What is Restless Leg Syndrome?
Restless leg syndrome or Wittmaack-Ekbom’s syndrome is a type of neuro-physical condition that is characterized primarily by the irresistible and insatiable urge to move a person’s body in order to stop strange or uncomfortable sensation. This most commonly affects the legs; however, it can also be known to affect other parts of the body such as the arms or the torso of an individual. Moving the affected part of the body usually modulates or dulls the uncomfortable sensations while the body part is moving which provides temporary relief, however, it does present itself as something of a nervous tick or attribute which causes the leg or other body part to move involuntarily. Restless leg syndrome can also cause a sensation in the legs or arms which most closely is compared to a burning or itching or even tickling sensation in the muscles.
What are the symptoms of Restless Leg Syndrome?
Restless Leg Syndrome has a variety of close knit symptoms that often run together because of their staunch similarities. Its symptoms can present and persist as early as childhood and can range to late adulthood, though it is most commonly presented in middle to late adulthood. The Restless Leg Syndrome symptoms include a strange urge to move due to uncomfortable sensations in a certain part of the body, most notably the leg; Motor restlessness which is soothed by the moving of one or more body parts; symptom worsening by relaxation or not moving a certain body part; symptoms worsening in the late evening or early in the night. Restless Leg Syndrome most commonly grows worse as a day goes on, sleep is the only thing that can entirely relieve the pain without medication or alternative treatment; however, once an individual with Restless Leg Syndrome wakes up, the disease begins to progress the same way that it did the day before, going from moderate discomfort in the morning to major discomfort in the evening.
Restless Leg Syndrome treatment
There are several different forms of treatment for restless leg syndrome, which includes Restless Leg Syndrome medication as well as some exercises for Restless Leg Syndrome both of which have been proven to help relieve or aid in the soothing of Restless Leg Syndrome.
One of the first things an individual should do when he or she believes themselves to have Restless Leg Syndrome is to have his or her ferritin levels tested. Ferritin is a globular protein complex which consists of 24 total protein subunits. It is also the primary intracellular iron storage protein which keeps iron ijn a non-toxic and soluble form. These ferritin levels should be a certain level, if not, then supplements may be necessary, though they could help ease the symptoms of Restless Leg Syndrome relatively easily and entirely in some cases. Iron supplements are the normal prescription for Restless Leg Syndrome and in most cases, can knock out the symptoms regularly. In some more extreme cases in which the iron needed is not being provided by the body or other ingested foods, it is sometimes necessary to have an IV drop of iron. Though, it is important to not take iron supplements or excess iron unless the ferritin levels have been tested. Doing so can cause what is known as iron overload disorder which is a potentially highly debilitating disease. Iron overload disorder can heavily cripple the liver and the heart in some cases which can be the cause of a very weak immune system and unstable blood pressure, both of which can lead to many other very dangerous diseases.
There are several forms of pharmaceutical treatments that can be administered to help fight and eliminate the symptoms of Restless Leg Syndrome as long as the disease causes debilitating living conditions such as sleep deficiencies or the prevention of regular daily activities. These include dopamine agonists treatments such as ropinirole, pramipexole, carbidopa/levodopa or peroglide, all of which can help relieve symptoms and were recently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in the attempts to treat moderate and severe Restless Leg Syndrome. However, some of these have been known to cause extra-physical compulsions such as gambling compulsions or minor drug compulsions. Other treatments also include Opioids such as propoxyphene, oxycodone or methadone as well as benzodiazepines which can help in staying asleep to reduce awakenings from compulsory movements; anticonvulsants also are one of the most common prescriptions for Restless Leg Syndrome, this helps relieve the painful or tingling urges.
Some types of exercises can also be done by those affected with Restless Leg Syndrome including leg crunches, or nightly stretching. These types of exercises can help not only relive the tingling sensation or discomfort in the leg area or other affected area, but they can also help prevent the mental urge brought on by other medications.